Tax Strategy & Planning

Developing a tax strategy can allow you to maximize all of the elements of your financial plan and ensure tax efficiency. In order to do so, you need to analyze your existing financial plan from a tax perspective. An effective tax planning strategy  can make a big difference in your golden years. 

What is a Tax Planning Strategy?

Tax planning analyzes your finances, assets, and liabilities to determine where you might optimize your taxes in the short and long term. There are plenty of variables that come in to play! From timing your income and purchases to planning your expenditures and investments. Even the type of retirement plan you choose must match your holistic financial plan.

Tax planning covers several considerations. Considerations include timing of income, size, and timing of purchases, and planning for other expenditures. Also, the selection of investments and types of retirement plans must complement the tax filing status and deductions to create the best possible outcome.

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Tax Planning for Retirement Plans

Saving via retirement plan is a popular way to efficiently reduce taxes, these are the most common ways:

Traditional IRA

Contributing money to a traditional IRA can minimize gross income up to $6,500. As of 2018, if meeting all qualifications, a filer under age 50 receives a reduction of $6,000 and a reduction of $7,000 if age 50 or older.

401 (k) plans

401(k) plans are popular with larger companies that have many employees. Participants in the plan can defer income from their paycheck directly into the company’s 401(k) plan. The greatest difference is that the contribution limit dollar amount is much higher than that of an IRA.  

Tax Gain-Loss Harvesting 

Tax gain-loss harvesting is another form of tax planning or management relating to investments. It is helpful because it can use a portfolio’s losses to offset overall capital gains. According to the IRS, short and long-term capital losses must first be used to offset capital gains of the same type. In other words, long-term losses offset long-term gains before offsetting short-term gains. 

Long-term capital gains are taxed based on the tax bracket in which the taxpayer falls. 

  • 0% tax for taxpayers in the lowest marginal tax brackets of 10% and 15%
  • 15% tax for those in the 25%, 28%, 33%, and 35% tax brackets
  • 20% tax of those in the highest tax bracket of 39%

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Key Takeaways for Tax Planning

  • Tax planning is the analysis of finances from a tax perspective, with the purpose of ensuring maximum tax efficiency.

  • Considerations of tax planning include timing of income, size, timing of purchases, and planning for expenditures.

  • Tax planning strategies can include saving for retirement in an IRA or engaging in tax gain-loss harvesting.

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